Federico Demaria


Autonomous University of Barcelona


Federico is an interdisciplinary socio-environmental scientist at the Institute of Environmental Science and Technology (Autonomous University of Barcelona), working on political ecology, ecological economics and human geography.  He is the deputy coordinator of the ERC research project EnvJustice that aims to study and contribute to the global environmental justice movement. His research focuses on the distribution of natural resources and environmental impacts, and the development of routes towards socially just and ecologically sustainable alternatives. His work aims to inform theory on how environments are shaped, politicised and contested.

He has contributed to an ecological and cultural critique of (sustainable) development, and an investigation into alternatives to it. The underlying proposal informing his work is the concept of ‘degrowth’—the hypothesis that we can live well with less. He co-edited the book “Degrowth: A Vocabulary for a New Era” (with Giorgos Kallis and Giacomo D’Alisa), that has been translated into 10 different languages. More recently, he published “Pluriverse: A Post-Development Dictionary” (with Ashish Kothari, Arturo Escobar, Ariel Salleh and Alberto Acosta), an ambitious volume of over 100 essays on transformative alternatives to the current processes of globalised development, including its structural roots in modernity, capitalism, state domination, and masculinist values.

Work w/ CUSP

Federico collaborates with CUSP in developing post-growth narratives and has contributed to our work with the APPG on Limits to Growth. He is exploring the emerging alliance of the grass-root movement around degrowth with that around environmental justice. “The horizon is the Pluriverse”, he says, “that is ‘a world where many worlds fit’ as the Zapatista say.”

Recent publications

Kothari, A., Salleh, A., Escobar, A., Demaria, F. and Acosta Alberto (eds) (2019) Pluriverse: A Post-Development Dictionary. Delhi: Authors Up Front / Tulika / Columbia University Press.

Scheidel, A., Temper, L., Demaria, F., Martínez-Alier, J. (2018) Ecological distribution conflicts as forces for sustainability: an overview and conceptual framework. Sustainability Science 13(3): 585-598.

Beling, A., Vanhulst, J., Demaria, F., Rabid, V., Carballo, AE and Pelenc, J. (2018). Discursive synergies for a ‘Great Transformation’ towards sustainability: pragmatic contributions to a necessary dialogue between Human Development, Degrowth, and Buen Vivir. Ecological Economics 144: 304-313.

Demaria, F. and Kothari, A. (2017) The Post-Development Dictionary agenda: paths to the pluriverse. Third World Quarterly 38: 2588-2599.

Kothari, A., Demaria, F., Acosta, A. (2015) Alternatives to Sustainable Development and the Green Economy: Buen Vivir, Eco-Swaraj and Degrowth. Development 57(3-4): 362-375.

D’Alisa, G., Demaria, F., Kallis, G. (2014) “Degrowth: a vocabulary for a new era”. Routdlege.

Demaria, F., Schneider, F., Sekulova, F., Martinez-Alier, J. (2013). What is degrowth? From an activist slogan to a social movement. Environmental Values 22 (2): 191-215.